Announcement: Diseases

Foot Fungus

Fungus, Fungi—Dave McLear (Flickr.com)

Foot Fungus Diseases

Fungus is a simple organism that lacks the green pigment chlorophyll. Fungus is a low form of vegetable life. Fungi include the yeasts, mushrooms, and moulds. They live as parasites and obtain nourishment from living organism. They can infect and cause disease in plants, animals and humans. Fungal infections are very common skin diseases. Fungi thrive in moist, wet environments. In Tinea Pedis the fungus tends to grow in the outer layer of the skin called the stratum corneum. The proper toe fungus treatment helps the athlete return to sport.

Dermatophytosis

Dermatophytosis is another name for athletes foot disease. A dermatophyte is a parasitic fungus that grows on or in the skin. They rarely penetrate deeper than the epidermis, hair, and nails. They cause skin disease such as tinea, eczema, and ringworm. Dermatophytes work to break down keratin. Trichopyton rubrum (T. rubrum) is the main dermatophyte that causes athletes foot.

Ringworm Diseases

It is a popular word for any contagious skin disease caused by fungi. Ringworm of the foot is called tinea pedis or athletes foot. It is characterized by pinkish circular patches. Ring-like lesions are seen with athelete foot. The lesions of ringworm can be ring-like and elevated. Ringworm can also affect the thighs and groin area. This is often referred to as jock itch. Sometimes the skin under the beard may be affected.

Cellulitis

Athletes foot may be a means of entry point for bacteria that cause cellulitis. “Tinea pedis may lead to severe cellulitis” (Hasan et al., 2004). Cellulitis is inflammation of the connective tissue, subcutaneous tissue. Bacteria can enter the open cracked skin and cause cellulitis. Cellulitis is an infection of the skin. Cracked skin from athletes foot can create an opening for bacteria to enter. Cellulitis is not limited to just the feet. It can occur anywhere on the body. It is usually treated with antibiotics. Cellulitis can be a complication of athletes foot fungus.

Diabetes

Research indicates that diabetic patients may have an increased risk for tinea pedis. Tinea pedis in diabetic patients may lead to secondary bacterial infections which can lead to very serious conditions. “The overall health of the patient is another important risk factor in developing tinea pedis. Patients who are obese, elderly, or have systemic problems (diabetes mellitus) are at risk” (Hasan et al., 2004). Athletes and diabetics should examine their feet regularly. Diabetics may require oral treatment in which case they should see their doctor.

Jock Itch

Jock Itch is a slang term for tinea cruris disease in the groin area. It is important to wash hands after treatment as tinea cruris is very contagious.

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